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Cognitive Behaviour Therapy

- CBT -

What is CBT?

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy historically originated from combining cognitive therapy and behavioural therapy, resulting in a therapy that deals with the interaction between thoughts, feelings, and behaviours. 

Modern CBT assumes a bidirectional impact between these three aspects of human functioning, where each aspect affects the other

 

CBT Approach

CBT places emphasis on collaboration and active participation. It is a goal-oriented and problem focused therapy that initially focuses on the present moment, but also explores childhood and early experiences as possible contributors to the present issues occurring.  

CBT works with examples occurring in the day-to-day life of the client and focuses on helping the client learn to identify their own unhelpful thoughts and beliefs, as well as how these impact unhelpful emotional and behavioural reactions. Techniques and strategies are taught to help the client challenge and improve thinking processes, feelings and emotions, and behaviour patterns. 


CBT Aims

CBT Follows a structure, is practical, and aims to help people become their own therapist by teaching them to be aware of issues as they occur so they can then implement change on their own.

Strategies and techniques commonly focus on identifying what thought processes impact a person’s emotional experiences and behavioural reactions; cognitive restructuring aims to alter unhelpful thoughts, de-arousal techniques aim to reduce physical symptoms associated with emotions, and exposure (or behavioural experiments) aims to alter behaviours.